We all heard about them but often we are unsure what these honey by-products really are or, mostly importantly, what they are good for.
Let’s look into them in more detail.
Malleable wax is secreted by the bees and moulded to form the hexagonal cells of honeycomb that are used to store honey. After the honey has been removed, the wax can be melted down to make candles that carry the sweet scent of the hive.
Used cosmetically, Beeswax hydrates, conditions, soothes, and calms the skin. It exfoliates, repairs damage, promotes the skin’s regeneration, diminishes the appearance of the signs of aging, soothes itchiness and irritation, and creates a hydrating, long-lasting protective barrier against environmental pollutants.
Used medicinally, Beeswax helps soothe and facilitate the healing of abrasions. It prevents harmful bacteria from entering the body through chapped and broken skin and it provides the skin with a layer of protection against external irritants. Its antioxidant and anti-inflammatory properties benefit those who suffer from topical allergies or skin ailments, such as eczema and rosacea.
Pollen is the bees’ source of protein and also contains vitamins and minerals. Pollen is collected by the beekeeper in a small pollen trap that is put on the entrance of the hive for a short time to brush off and collect the pollen balls from the bees’ legs. People take bee pollen for nutrition; as an appetite stimulant; to improve stamina and athletic performance; and for premature aging and joint pain (rheumatism). It is also used for weight loss, bleeding problems, brain haemorrhage, and menstrual problems. Bee pollen is also used for gastrointestinal problems. Bee pollen is used topically for skincare in skin softening products, and for treating eczema, acne and diaper rash.
Propolis is the resin exuded by trees and other plants to seal their wounds and collected by bees to plug gaps in the hive. Bee pollen is a nutritious superfood that contains vitamins A, C, D, E, K and all the B vitamins, plus amino acids, omega 3 oils, folic acid and antioxidants. Propolis has a special compound called pinocembrin, a flavonoid that acts as an antifungal. These anti-inflammatory and antimicrobial properties make propolis helpful in wound healing. Propolis acts as an immunity booster too.
🐝 Royal Jelly
This milky white gelatinous substance is secreted by worker bees and fed to the developing larvae in the hive. Those fed for a few days, and then fed a mixture of pollen and nectar called ‘beebread’ become female worker bees or male drones. Protein-rich royal jelly is the sole food given to certain larvae in larger cells that then become the queens. Because a queen may live for several years, as opposed to the average summertime worker’s life of around six or seven weeks, royal jelly is regarded as promoting health and longevity and is used as a powerful health supplement.